LIVE: महाशिवरात्रि उत्सव सोमनाथ मंदिर गुजरात | Somnath Temple Gujarat Mahashivratri Celebration 2021

One of the 12 Jyotirlingas is installed in the world famous temple called Somnath on the sea shore in the Kathiawar region of Gujarat province. The glory of this Somnath-Jyotirlinga situated in the holy Prabhas region is explained in detail in Mahabharata, Srimad Bhagwat and Skanda Puranadi. One name of Chandradeva is also Mon. He had done penance here, considering Lord Shiva as his Nath-swami, hence its name was 'Somnath'.


It is said that the Shivalinga in Somnath's temple was situated in the air. This was the subject of a curiosity. According to experts, it was a unique piece of architecture. Its Shivling was located in the air with the power of a magnet. It is said that Mahmud Ghaznabi was shocked to see this.


The first mention of this temple was in existence before BC. The temple was rebuilt for the second time at this place in 649 AD by the Maitric kings of Vellabhi. The temple was first torn down in 725 AD by Al Junaid, the Muslim Subedar of Sindh. Then it was rebuilt by Pratihara king Nagabhatta in 815 AD.

After this, Mahmud Ghaznavi, along with some 5,000 comrades, attacked Somnath Temple in 1024, looted and destroyed his property. Then thousands of unarmed people were killed to protect the temple. These were the people who were worshiping or taking darshan benefits inside the temple and the people of the village who were running unarmed to protect the temple.

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After breaking and looting the temple of Mahmud, it was rebuilt by Raja Bhimdev of Gujarat and Bhoja, the king of Malwa. In 1093, Siddharaj Jai Singh also supported the construction of the temple. In 1168, Vijayeshwar Kumarpal and Raja Khangar of Saurashtra also contributed to the beautification of the Somnath temple.

In 1297, when Nusrat Khan, the commander of Sultan of Delhi Sultanate Alauddin Khilji, attacked Gujarat, he again demolished the Somnath temple and looted all the wealth. The temple was rebuilt by Hindu kings. But in 1395, the Sultan of Gujarat Muzaffar Shah smashed the temple and plundered all the offerings. After this, in 1412, his son Ahmed Shah did the same.


The Somnath temple was later demolished twice during the period of Aurangzeb, the Muslim brutal emperor - first in 1665 AD and second in 1706 AD. After Aurangzeb saw that the Hindus still come to worship at that place after the temple was destroyed in 1665, he sent a military force to be slaughtered there. When a large part of India came under the control of the Marathas, in 1783 another temple of Somnath Mahadev was erected by Queen Ahilyabai of Indore for worship at a short distance from the original temple.

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